The Every Casualty team

Staff

Hamit Dardagan
Co-Director

Hamit Dardagan is the Co-Director of Every Casualty. Previously, he worked as Consultant on Civilian Casualties in War at Oxford Research Group in 2007.

In 2002, he co-founded the Iraq Body Count project (www.iraqbodycount.org) and is a Director of its parent company, Conflict Casualties Monitor.

Hamit has written and co-written a number of analytical papers on casualties in Iraq after the 2003 invasion, including for The New England Journal of Medicine, PLoS Medicine, and The Lancet. He has published articles outlining the case for the detailed recording of all casualties in publications as diverse as The Guardian and The British Army Review, the latter in co-authorship with a now-retired Brigadier General in the British Army.

He has been Chair of Kalayaan, a human rights campaign for overseas domestic workers in the UK, which led to significant enhancement in their legal rights.

Everett Ressler
Policy and Programme Consultant

Everett Ressler works in the humanitarian field as a practioner, lecturer and researcher. He has participated in more than 150 emergencies internationally and has monitored and supported efforts in many more.

Between 1994-2008 he worked as a UNICEF senior advisor, regional emergency advisor and chief of UNICEF's global early warning in support of preparedness and response efforts in more than 120 countries. He has co-authored several global reference publications and papers in the humanitarian field and lead research and evaluations on topics including the care and protection of children in war, internal displacement, contingency planning, and early warning. He is a Visiting Professor at the University of Geneva and a senior humanitarian focal point within the KonTerra Group.

Hana Salama
Research and Advocacy Consultant

Hana Salama is the Research and Advocacy Consultant for Every Casualty, which she joined in February 2012. Hana works with members of the EC hosted Casualty Recorders Network (formerly IPN) and other experts to develop standards in the field of casualty recording. She also works on promoting and establishing casualty recording as an international norm through coordinating international advocacy on the issue through the Every Casualty Campaign.

Before joining Every Casualty, Hana worked as a Campaign Coordinator at Amnesty International. She also worked for the Canadian Federal government in the field international assistance. Hana holds an MSc in Human Rights from The London School of Economics (LSE), and a BSc in International Development Studies from the University of Ottawa, Canada.

John Sloboda
Co-Director

John Sloboda is Co-Director of Every Casualty with Hamit Dardagan, with whom he also co-founded Iraq Body Count in 2002. From 2004 to 2009 he was Executive Director of Oxford Research Group, and with Paul Rogers and Chris Abbott he was co-author of "Beyond Terror: the Truth about the Real Threats to Our World" (Rider, 2007). With Elizabeth Minor he is co-author of "The Range of Sources in Casualty Recording" (Oxford Research Group, 2012).

He is also Emeritus Professor of Psychology at the University of Keele, a Fellow of the British Academy, and a member of the advisory board of openbriefing.org. He has written on peace and security issues for a number of publications including opendemocracy.net.

Advisers

Martin Barber, OBE, Ph.D.

A retired senior international civil servant, Martin Barber has extensive experience in the United Nations, government and NGOs of humanitarian affairs, refugees, mine action, peacekeeping and coordination of aid programmes. Among other notable positions Martin served as the Director of the UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS) from 2000-2005, the Deputy Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo (1996-1998), United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator for Afghanistan (1995-1996), and Chief of Mission for the UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Assitance to Afghanistan (UNOCHA) (1988-1994). Prior to working with the UN, Martin was the Director of the British Refugee Council in London from 1981-1988.

Martin holds a Ph.D in South-East Asian Sociology from the University of Hull, as well as an M.A. in French Language and Literature from St. Andrews University. In 2007, Martin was made an Honorary Fellow, at the School of Social and Political Sciences, University of Edinburgh.

Professor Susan Breau
International Law Adviser

Susan Breau is International Law Adviser to Every Casualty, having previous served as Legal Consultant to the Every Casualty Programme at Oxford Research Group. She was Professor of International Law at Flinders University, Australia, from July 2010-2013, and is now Professor of International Law and Head of the School of Law at Reading University in the UK. Her research interests are public international law and the international protection of human rights, particularly those issues relating to the use of force.

She was awarded her PhD in 2003 at LSE for her research into Humanitarian Intervention under the supervision of Professor Christopher Greenwood. She was the Dorset Fellow in Public International Law at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law for three years. Prior to that appointment, she was a lecturer in international law and human rights at Queen's University Belfast where she assisted in the administration of their LLM in Human Rights Programmes and she has also lectured on the law of armed conflict in the LLM programme at the London School of Economics.

Annabelle Giger
Practice Development and Standards adviser

Annabelle Giger is the former Practice Development Officer for Every Casualty, and now acts as an adviser with special focus on the Standards and practitioner development. She worked with EC from August 2014 to end 2016.

Annabelle previously worked in North Lebanon with the NGO Relief and Reconciliation for Syria, coordinating education programmes for Syrian refugees and Lebanese affected communities. She has also worked for Oxfam France as a communications officer. Annabelle holds an MPhil in International Relations from the University of Cambridge.

Brigadier-General (Retired), CMG, OBE Richard Iron
Military adviser

Richard Iron is Military Consultant to Every Casualty. Educated at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, he has served in the Sultan of Oman's Armed Forces and completed several tours in Northern Ireland. He commanded 1st Battalion, The King's Own Royal Border Regiment in the Balkans. He was subsequently responsible for British and NATO land doctrine. He was a prosecution expert witness in the Sierra Leone War Crimes trials. He was chief mentor to the Iraqi commander in Basra from December 2007 to November 2008, including Operation Charge of the Knights. After leaving the Army in 2012, he returned to Baghdad to run the security operation for the U.S. legacy mission in Iraq. He is currently a Visiting Fellow at the Changing Character of War Programme at the University of Oxford.

Elizabeth Minor
Research Adviser

Elizabeth Minor is the former Senior Research Officer at Every Casualty. She was the principal researcher on a two-year study to investigate practice in casualty recording worldwide, examining the methodologies used and challenges faced in the field of recording conflict deaths, through a global survey concentrating on civil society based recorders. Her recent projects have examined UN casualty recording and the challenges posed to casualty recording by Remote Control Warfare. Elizabeth joined the Every Casualty Programme at Oxford Research Group in 2009 and oversaw the inauguration of the Casualty Recorders Network (formerly the International Practitioner Network).

Elizabeth previously worked as a Researcher for Iraq Body Count (IBC).

She holds an MSc in Comparative Politics, Conflict Studies from the London School of Economics and Political Science and a first class degree in History from University College London.

Professor Sir Adam Roberts, KCMG, FBA

Adam Roberts is Senior Research Fellow in International Relations, Oxford University, and Emeritus Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford. He was Montague Burton Professor of International Relations at Oxford University, 1986–2007, and President of the British Academy, 2009–13. He is the author and editor of numerous articles and books. Joint editor of Documents on the Laws of War, 3rd edn., Oxford University Press, 2000; The United Nations Security Council and War: The Evolution of Thought and Practice since 1945, Oxford University Press, 2008; and Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present, Oxford University Press, 2009.

Rachel Seoighe
Legal Consultant and Researcher

Rachel Seoighe was a Legal Consultant and Researcher for Every Casualty, and continues to advise on these issues. Rachel has contributed to both research and advocacy for Every Casualty, working specifically on the legal basis for casualty recording in international law and the laws of armed conflict. She has co-authored the "Working Paper: The Legal Obligation to Record Civilian Casualties of Armed Conflict".

Rachel holds an MA with Distinction in Criminology and Criminal Justice from King's College, London, and a Bachelor's degree in Civil Law from the National University of Ireland, Galway, and in 2014 was awarded a PhD from within the Law department at King's. Her research is socio-legal, concerned with dehumanisation in armed conflict.

Professor Michael Spagat
Casualty Recording and Estimation Adviser

Michael Spagat is Casualty Recording and Estimation Adviser with Every Casualty. Michael is a Professor of Economics at Royal Holloway College, University of London. He gained his PhD. at Harvard University and has held faculty posts at Brown University and the University of Illinois.

His papers on armed conflict have been published in Nature, New England Journal of Medicine, the Journal of Peace Research, the Journal of Conflict Resolution and PLoS Medicine. His current research addresses universal patterns in modern war, the Dirty War Index, civilian casualties in the Iraq conflict, and problems in the measurement of war deaths.

Board of Trustees

Professor Susan Breau

Susan Breau was Professor of International Law at Flinders University, Australia, from July 2010-2013, and is now Professor of International Law and Head of the School of Law at Reading University in the UK. Her research interests are public international law and the international protection of human rights, particularly those issues relating to the use of force.

She was awarded her PhD in 2003 at LSE for her research into Humanitarian Intervention under the supervision of Professor Christopher Greenwood. She was the Dorset Fellow in Public International Law at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law for three years. Prior to that appointment, she was a lecturer in international law and human rights at Queen's University Belfast where she assisted in the administration of their LLM in Human Rights Programmes and she has also lectured on the law of armed conflict in the LLM programme at the London School of Economics.

Eiri Ohtani

Eiri Ohtani (Chair of the Trustees) is the Co-ordinator of the Detention Forum in the UK and an independent consultant in the voluntary sector. She has also worked with migrants and asylum seekers for over a decade in senior management positions and many years of experience working at the trustee board level. A graduate of London School of Economics, she also holds postgraduate degrees from the School of Oriental and African Studies and Birkbeck, University of London.

Professor Michael Spagat

Michael is a Professor of Economics at Royal Holloway College, University of London. He gained his PhD. at Harvard University and has held faculty posts at Brown University and the University of Illinois.

His papers on armed conflict have been published in Nature, New England Journal of Medicine, the Journal of Peace Research, the Journal of Conflict Resolution and PLoS Medicine. His current research addresses universal patterns in modern war, the Dirty War Index, civilian casualties in the Iraq conflict, and problems in the measurement of war deaths.

Maurice Wren

Maurice Wren joined the British Refugee Council as Chief Executive in March 2013, having previously been the Director of Asylum Aid, an NGO providing legal representation to people seeking refugee protection in the UK (2002 - 2013). Prior to this, Maurice held senior positions in the homelessness field at Shelter and the Housing Associations Charitable Trust (HACT).

Maurice was a co-founder of the Independent Asylum Commission (2007-09); an adviser to the Centre for Social Justice enquiry into the UK asylum system 'Asylum Matters' (2007-08); a co-founder of Detention Forum (2009-present); and a member of the Home Office/ Ministry of Justice Early Legal Advice Project Board (2010-2013). He is presently co-Chair of the National Asylum Stakeholder Forum at the Home Office, Chair of the Refugee Week Steering Group and a Trustee of Migrant Voice and the European Network on Statelessness.